Betta Fish Care Guide for Beginners

Buying A Betta Fish, Helpful Info to Know

bettafishcaretipsThinking about maybe buying a betta fish and really just need to know some more information regarding these fish and what is involved?

This is a little help guide that is a quick read on some basics to know about betta fish that really help. Sometimes these fish are a bit more to handle then what people expect and that’s why it’s always a good idea to do some research before.

Setting Up Your Betta Fish Aquarium

bettafishaquariumLearn about setting an aquarium up for a betta fish and what to do to make that fish happy. Most people think these fish like tiny little bowls to live in but that is entirely incorrect.

These fish love to run around in large bodies of water just like any other fish. Imagine yourself living in one bedroom for your entire life and that’s what a betta fish deals with when it to small bowls.

Betta Food & Feeding for Proper Nutrition

It’s very important to know what your betta fish needs for good nutrition. To know betta fish care, it needs to be getting proper nutritional nutrients. This is a good read for you to learn about what betta fish love to eat and what they need to eat to obtain proper nutrition. Most people think they can get by just by eating betta pellets every single day but they hate them.

Common Diseases for Betta Fish

Everyone wants a happy and healthy betta fish, but the unfotunate reality is that bettas are very prone to illness. Dealing with betta fish diseases can seem like a daunting task at first, but with the right information you can feel confident in providing the best care for your betta fish.

BettaFishFinRotFin Rot (aka Tail Rot)

This is probably the most common betta fish disease and almost all betta fish owners will have to deal with this problem at one time or another. Fortunately, it is very easily spotted. What you want to look for are fins that seem to be receding or growing shorter.

The edge of the fin may have a red or black hue to it, giving the appearance that the fins are “crumbling apart” or even look as if they have been burnt by heat. Fin rot is generally caused by unclean water in your bowl or aquarium. Fin rot can be treated by cleaning your aquarium and administering fresh water, antibiotics, and antifungal medication.

BettaFishIchIck (aka Ich)

Technically known as Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, Ick is a single celled parasite that is extremely common in nearly all freshwater fish, betta fish included.

The main visible symptom you can see on your betta fish is a bunch of white spots, which is why Ick is often known as the “white spot disease”. Because Ick is a parasite, it is highly contagious and any infected fish should be quarantined to a different bowl or aquarium immediately. The best way to get rid of Ick is to SLOWLY raise the temperature of your aquarium to somewhere between 84-86 degrees Farenheit (~30 degrees Celsius) as the Ick parasite cannot withstand such temperatures (while your betta fish can).


Popeye is the enlargement of one of the betta fish’s eyes and as a result it is one of the easiest diseases to spot (your betta fish will look very ugly with it). In most cases popeye is the result of a minor bacterial infection that causes swelling and is not a very serious condition. It is usually the result of dirty water and can generally be treated by replacing the water and adding an antibiotic. Sometimes though, popeye is merely a symptom of a much more serious problem that may result in death.

Betta Fish Varieties and Types

Ask anyone who has an aquarium hobby or has always loved buying colorful fish in a backyard pond or even just small fish bowls in a retail store and you are bound to hear the term “betta fish” come up in the discussion. Though most people are only familiar with goldfish, angelfish, or the particularly expensive koi as treasured fish displays, the betta fish is actually a popular species for display since betta fish care is especially easy.

In particular, their different shades and vibrant colors and flowing fins set them apart from other types of fish. From metallic shades of orange and albino bettas to the most popular type of betta fish which is the Siamese fighting fish, you are bound to find something that would suit your interest.

The key to doing so is to know the popular species of betta fish and to know through selective action, which type suits your preference and your environment. To know the names study them correctly. Betta fish care starts with picking the right genus or hybrid so that you know what kind of care you will need to do. The following are just some of the known species of betta fish that you can choose from when you buy your own fish displays.

For hobbyists who prefer to have several types of fish in one aquarium, the Peaceful Betta or betta imbellis is a good type of betta fish to add to your display. Unlike the Siamese fighting fish, which can be very aggressive to anything that is placed in front of it, the Peaceful Betta is docile enough to live with other fish in the same environment.

In fact, the Peaceful Betta is docile to the point that it will need several stemmed plants or leaves inside the aquarium where it can hide. However, its inner aggressiveness may be shown in how, after breeding, it has to be separated from its eggs lest it eats them.

Everyone has seen a Siamese fighting fish at some point—whether it is in a small bowl swimming by itself or sold in separate cups in the fish store. This type of betta fish is the most popular because of their flowing fins, range of colors, and the relative ease of betta fish care. You can easily find culture-bred bright yellow, green or blue Siamese fighting fish, those that have a metallic shade of turquoise or orange, or even a combination of these colors and more.

As they live on, Siamese fighting fish can grow to as much as five inches, depending on the type and culture of the breed. If you want to see a betta fish with its natural coloration, you would be limited to seeing green and brown fish with shorter fins. So if you are going to buy one purely for display, it is suggested that you find one that has been selectively-bred. These fish aren’t going to get super fast swimmers like silver dollars or something but they do kill other fish their same size.

For those who are looking for their first specie of fish to take care of, you cannot go wrong with the Siamese fighting fish. Just remember that this type of betta fish is for a small bowl because it has to live alone. Otherwise, it will attack another Siamese fighting fish or even a different species of fish if placed in the same bowl.

If appearance is what you are looking for, the halfmoon betta may be your best bet to having a classy looking pet fish. Even without loads of colorful pebbles and water plants to decorate your aquarium, vibrant colors will spark from the halfmoon betta once it unfurls its fins to become a half moon.

The halfmoon betta, a cross-breed called Delta Beta, gets its name from the way its fins form a caudal that measures up to 180 degrees. Those who want to see a perfect halfmoon betta should look for those whose uppermost and lower most caudal is straight instead of curved.

Well known in the waters of North America, this type of betta fish is a nice addition to an aquarium mainly because of its scales’ resemblance to its namesake, the peacock. With its bright green and blue patterned scales, it adds color and life to your fish bowl. What’s more, since the natural environment of the peacock mouthbrooder is the mouths of large rivers, it is a species that thrives on fresh water. This would make allow them to survive in aquariums.

To ensure that your peacock mouthbrooder is comfortable in the fish bowl, you should make sure that it will have ample space to swim around. Spot the males from the female fish early on, because the males can be aggressive with other males while the females are docile and peaceful.

Those are just some of the species of betta fish available. When you buy your own, make sure that you have the proper environment and care for them to thrive in a healthy manner.

If you are looking for a unique type of betta fish, you might also be interested in the betta akarensis. Named after the river Sungai Akar, supposedly the place where this species was discovered, the unique characteristic of a betta akarensis is the lines in the males and females that change during the course of their lifetime.

To classify the males from the female fish, check out the color of the body and the structure of the fins. Male betta akarensis have a more intense and vibrant color than their female counterparts. As for their fins, the males have more pointed ones as opposed to the rounded appearance for the females.

The lines on the bodies of betta akarensis change accordingly during the time of spawning. For the male betta akarensis, the lines begin to disperse, and a green tinge colors the area near the gills. The behavior of the male betta akarensis also differs during spawning, as they tend to shed their aggressiveness to replace it with a more docile behavior.

Orange Dalmation Betta Fish

Have you ever seen the Orange Dalmatian betta fish? If not, you’ve been missing out on one of the coolest betta breeds around. It’s definitely a must see for any betta fish care enthusiast. The Orange Dalmatian is the “creation” of the famous betta fish breeder Sarawut Angkunanuwat that is a fairly normal orange betta but with a spectacular feature: red and orange spots on the fins that give it an amazing look. These spots are why this breed is known as the “Orange Dalmatian” betta fish. Unfortunately, these spots only seem to appear in male bettas.

Sarawut first started developing the Orange Dalmatian in 2003 when he began seeing bettas with interesting spot patterns in his local town. By working with merchants and other breeders, he was able to breed these spotted bettas into his own breed of “pure” orange bettas and was eventually able to mix the two breeds into this beautiful new creation. Many other breeders immediately classified this new breed as merely having a normal marble pattern and that there in fact was nothing special to the Orange Dalmation betta. Sarawut defended his new breed by pointing out that the marble pattern gene isn’t a fully dominate gene, and yet the “dalmatian” spotting pattern behaves as a fully dominate gene, being passed onto all appropriate offspring. This has led to much discussion and even controversy, as many betta fish competitions will actualize penalize Orange Dalmatian bettas, labeling the dalmatian spotting as a fault.

None the less, the Orange Dalmatian betta fish remains one of the most beautiful and breathtaking betta fish breeds around and make a fine addition to any aquarium!